The Book of Revelation – Chapter 1:4-5


To the seven churches in the province of Asia:

Grace and peace to you from him who is, and who was, and who is to come, and from the seven spirits before his throne, and from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. – Revelation 1:4-5

Side Note: I lived and taught Electronics in Greece (to Greeks) for many years primarily in Kavala, Thasos, and Rhodes. I became very familiar with Greek history and culture. While I was not able to visit the Island of Patmos (which is a part of Greece’s Dodecanese island group), the Island of Rhodes (Rodos as the Greeks call it) is. I learned much from the Greeks on that beautiful Island. Thank you, Mr. Mohammed, (a Turk and resident on Rhodos) for being a great history teacher.

Patmos and Rhodos

At Revelation 1:3, the angel who was given the revelation from Jesus had said to John, 

Blessed is the one who reads aloud the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear it and take to heart what is written in it, because the time is near.  – Revelation 1:3

So the Apostle proceeds to write down everything he will be shown by the angel. It is important to know that was commanded to write down in a scroll – this revelation scroll – what he sees and was directed to send the completed revelation to the seven churches (more accurately, congregations of Christs’ followers) in Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea.

Write on a scroll what you see and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea. – Revelation 1:11

Location of the Seven Churches (Congregations) in the Province of Asia

The Apostle John is on a small remote Greek penal Island of Patmos. in the Aegean Sea. Apparently, John was able to get mail dispatched off of the Island.

The angel told down to write down everything he will be shown and put it in a scroll and send it to the seven congregations of fellow worshipers in The Province In Asia.

Some may confuse this with the continent of Asia. The Asia referred to here is the Roman province of Asia also known as Phrygia. It was a Roman Senatorial province governed by a proconsul. Today, Phrygia is known as Asian Turkey. This region called The Province of Asia had as its capital the ancient Grecian city of Ephesus which today is in Turkey (a part of the region of Asia Minor).

Note: The Province of Asia is called Asia Minor. Why? Well, when the Greeks started to learn that there more lands referred to as Asia, they started calling it Asia Minor. The Apostle John referred to it as The Province of Asia.

asia minor

The Province of Asia (Asia Minor)

The distance from Patmos to The Province of Asia – and in Particular its capital in Ephesus  – is about 479 miles (771 KM). Since Patmos was the most Northern Island (and coldest) of the Dodecanese island group, one had to traverse by sea and then by land to reach the Province.

It is also apparent that The Apostle John had loyal followers of Christ he trusted to deliver the revelation scroll as directed by the angel. In either case, nothing would have stopped its delivery as an angel had directed its delivery. Do we not have this scroll today? It is one of the most precious things you can have in your possessions today. No, not “The Bible” but this scroll many today know as The Book of Revelation. This will become glaringly clear to you at the completion of the entire discussion of this scroll.

Who Is and Who Was and Who Is To Come …

Grace and peace to you from him who is, and who was, and who is to come, – Revelation 1:4

Jesus Christ is not being referred to here. The Apostle John starts at the top, the Father himself. He is letting all of the seven congregations know that this revelation – the things that he saw and witnessed and told to write down – was from the Father.

Undeserved kindness (or grace) and peace are granted to all of the congregations of worshipers from the Father, the author of this revelation. In what manner is the Father “is and who was and is to come?”

That He shows that He is now at present is who He says he is. He is The Most Holy, The One and Only True God, the Creator of the heavens and the earth, and the author of the revelation. There is no equal. There is no one or nothing above Him. He alone is God.

That He is who was shows that in past times everything He said he would do He did. That everything He spoke came to be. That every promise He made, He kept. That every utterance He made was the truth. Even in the beginning when He ordered “Let there be light,” light came to be. He is God and the “I am.” He has proven that He is what He says He is, God Almighty by His powerful acts that no one can imitate without His permission.

That He is to come shows that what He will accomplish in the future will also come to fruition as they did in the past and present. That everything in this scroll (revelation) will come to be as He has spoken and given to His Son, Christ Jesus.

And From the Seven Spirits Before His Throne

… and from the seven spirits[a] before his throne, – Revelation 1:4

The Apostle John then goes on to acknowledge that there are seven spirits standing in front and in submission to God’s throne.  What or who are these seven spirits? The answer can be found in Revelation 4:5. The Apostle John writes …

From the throne came flashes of lightning, rumblings and peals of thunder. In front of the throne, seven lamps were blazing. These are the seven spirits of God. – Revelation 4:5

This reveals that God has seven spirits. These seven spirits stand ready to act and carry every command given them by The Almighty.

These seven spirits represent The Almighty’s infinite power. While I hate to make an analogy to the movie Star Wars, the seven spirits are like “The Force.” They are God’s active force. When God said, “Let there be light,” it was this (His) seven spirits (collectively His Holy Spirit) that made it so.

God is a Spirit. That is, He is invisible and cannot be seen. Thus, so are His seven spirits. They too are invisible but active and powerful. (Col 1:15)

Jesus taught that God is Spirit (invisible) and worship to Him cannot be through things that are visible. Jesus taught that the true worshipers of the Creator of the heavens and the earth is possible only through the Spirit (the invisible Holy Spirit [Seven Spirits] and in truth. Who is the truth?) John 4:23-24 and John 14:6)

And From Jesus Christ, Who is the Faithful Witness

… and from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness … Revelation 1:5

The Apostle John uses the conjunction “and” to show that another one – who is not God – is in agreement with the Almighty and His seven spirits with the granting of grace and peace upon the seven congregations of worshipers in The Province of Asia. Who is that one? Jesus Christ!

As God’s spokesman and recipient of the revelation from His Father, why would he not be in agreement and on the same page as His Father?

That Jesus is the only one born of a human woman and having lived on earth as a man and the only human to ascend into The Most Holy’s presence, he is thoroughly qualified as “The Faithful Witness” before mankind and one who can vouch for and attest to His Father’s reputation that He is alone is God, the Creator of the heavens and the earth!

 The Firstborn From the Dead

… the firstborn from the dead … Revelation 1:5

Since the creation of the first man – the first Adam – from the dust of the ground, there has not been one man who has died and was resurrected directly by God to be granted everlasting life! Not one!

Some may refer to Jesus’ beloved friend Lazarus whom he resurrected. It must be understood that Jesus resurrected his friend Lazarus to show (1) What he will do on a larger scale in a future time period when His Father gives him a kingdom over the earth (2) that Lazarus’ resurrection was not by God directly, but by Jesus Christ by His Fathers permission, and (3) that Lazarus’ resurrection from the dead was not to everlasting life. Lazarus later died of natural causes (old age, sickness, etc)

Thus, Jesus Christ is the only one born of a woman to have been resurrected from the dead and who now stands in the presence of The Most Holy, God Almighty. He is the only one who has seen God and thus the only one qualified to explain Him to mankind. (John 1:18)

That is why we must obey God’s command at Luke 9:35 to “Listen” to His Son. Are you listening to him or to religious organization or others?

The Ruler of the Kings of the Earth

… and the ruler of the kings of the earth. – Revelation 1:5

The Apostle John is told by the angel that Jesus is the ruler of the kings of the earth. This requires a little explanation. It is important that you understand who these kings of the earth are.

Many within the world of religion teach that these kings of the earth are the leaders or heads of state of the existing governments or nations of the world. This is is a grave mistake. Why?

Because when Jesus is coronated king over the earth, none of these governments will be in existence. They will have all been destroyed by God Almighty in order to clean the slate and make way for His appointed king over the earth.

So who are these kings of the earth that Jesus Christ will be ruler over?

The expression “kings of the earth” is mentioned 11 times in The Book of Revelation. At Revelation 1:5, Revelation 5:10, Revelation 6:15, Revelation 16:14, Revelation 17:2, Revelation 17:18, Revelation 18:3, Revelation  18:9, Revelation 19:19, and Revelation 21:24.

Notice at Revelation 5:9-10 from where these kings come from. They are not from the existing nations of the world.

You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its seals, because you were slain, and with your blood you purchased for God persons from every tribe and language and people and nation. You have made them to be a kingdom and priests to serve our God, and they will reign on the earth.

When Jesus gave up his life in behalf of all of mankind (whether they accepted or acknowledged him or not), he purchased for His Father persons from every tribe and language and people and nation. Jesus made THEM to be a kingdom and priest to serve God.

Under angelic direction, the Apostle John goes on to say that THEY WILL reign on earth!

Recall what Jesus taught his disciples at Matthew 5:5. He said to them …

Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.

There is nothing meek or Christ-like about the leaders and heads of state of the governments today. No, those who will be selected and given kingly authority within Christs future 1000-year kingdom will be from a source of men unlike that we see today ruling the nations of the world. They will be the humblest and meekest among mankind. Jesus will know who they are. Will you and I be among those selected for that honor?

How many will be selected as kings over the earth under Christ?

Again, under angelic direction, John sees and writes. At Revelation 14:1. Notice who is with Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God.

Then I looked, and there before me was the Lamb, standing on Mount Zion, and with him 144,000 who had his name and his Father’s name written on their foreheads.

And, of them, the Apostle tells us at Revelation 20:6 …

Blessed and holy are those who share in the first resurrection. The second death has no power over them, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with him for a thousand years.

These persons will be the first to be resurrected from among all of mankind ever to have lived and walked on the earth the dead by Christ (to include Adam) and THEY will rule (reign) WITH Christ (as is representatives on earth) for 1000 years!

Stop at this point if this is not sinking in! Think about this!

These are the kings of the earth. They have not been selected yet. Most of them are still in their graves awaiting a promised future resurrection from the dead by Christ, some are among us at present and probably do not know that they will be one of those kings, and many are yet to be born.

But their number is sealed (or limited) to 144000 meek.

To Him Who Loves Us

To him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by his blood, – Revelation 1:5

What the Apostle John says next carries the utmost attention to every person ever born, lived, and died since the creation of the first man. I cannot over-emphasize this.

What the Apostle says here shoots large holes in the false teachings issuing out of religious organization that one must accept Jesus as their Lord and Savior in order to qualify for salvation. This is a lie.

What Jesus freely gave up for our behalf – his precious life – was a FREE GIFT! If a gift is freely given, nothing is demanded or required in return (else, it is not a free gift) (Read Romans 3:23-24)

The Apostle reminds the congregations in The Province of Asia that it was the ascended Jesus Christ who loved them and that by the sacrifice of his life he freed them from their sins. Notice the past tense, freed.

Even the familiar utterance at John 3:16 shows that God loved the world (of mankind, His creation) so much that He gave His only Son that who whoever believes in him shall not perish, but have everlasting life. John 3:16 does not say that God loved the world of Christians so much, it says the whole world of mankind.

The belief mention in this scripture is a recognition that if anyone listens to what Jesus says (as He is The Word of God) and believes what he says, those words, those teachings would lead one down the path that will lead to everlasting life. Jesus never demanded rituals or joining religious organizations or taking upon oneself fancy religious titles such as Christian, Catholic, Lutheran, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Mormons, etc. Those things are from men. 

Jesus simply asked that one become his disciple (student) and follower (believe the things he would teach as they were the truth) and those things would place one on that road that leads to everlasting life. (Matthew 7:13-14, Matthew 28:19-20).

And, the Father Himself commands us to listen to His Son. Why? Because only His Son speaks the truth that leads to the Father, the source of everlasting life. (Luke 9:35, John 14:6)

In the next post, I will resume at Revelation 1:6-8

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R. Jerome Harris

No one of importance. A disciple (student) of Christ apart from the established religious systems who reasons, thinks and concludes matters for myself. Something is not right with the state of religion in the world. The real dichotomy is that we live in a world so full of religion, yet is an evil, immoral, and dangerous place to live. A mental and spiritual separation from this world that Jesus said his kingdom is no part of is the first step to a "break-through" to freedom and entry into a much larger spiritual world where God and Christ resides and the wisdom, knowledge, and understanding of God can be accessed.

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