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What is Hell?

When you think of hell, do you envision intense heat and torture, and pitch forks and the Devil and his demons tormenting the souls of sinful individuals who have died? All of this somewhere underneath or inside the bowels of the earth?

Where do these visions come from and how did they make there way into the thoughts and minds of so many?

In the fourteenth-century, a thirty-five year old Italian by the name of Dante Alighieri writes a comedic poem describing a medieval concept of hell. Hell was depeicted as nine circles of suffering located within the Earth.

The philosophy of the poem is a mixture of the Bible, medieval Roman Catholicism, mythology, and Middle Ages tradition. This view pf hell has stuck with many today and is believed in and taught as a popular teaching in almost all religious organization. But is it accurate as measured up against what is written in Scripture?

The Apostle John at 1 John 4:1 teaches that we are not believe every expression claiming to be inspired by God. That we are to put those expressions to the test to see if they measure up with what is written in Scripture. I do not believe that the majority of the so-called "believing" world has done this. Rather, it has simply accepted something "as truth" without challenge or investigation from Scripture.

John says at 1 John 4:1:

Dear friends, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, because many false prophets have gone out into the world.

What Do The Scriptures Say About Hell?

The Scriptures associate death with hell. We can see this in a few places in Scripture. One of them being at Revelation 20:14:

And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.

Scriptures teach that hell is not a place of eternal torment, but a place where the dead go and remain there asleep in death until they are resurrected: Hell is the grave.

Jesus himself showed this to be true as he – a good man – died and spent three days in hell or The Grave. Thus, showing that one can go there and get out of it. Jesus was resurrected out of the death-state because he was dead for three days. Many people miss this.

While in hell, Jesus was not walking around talking to anyone because – in death – one is asleep. Notice what Eccl 9:5, 10 says about persons who die.

For the living know that they will die, but the dead know nothing; they have no further reward, and even the memory of them is forgotten. Whatever your hand finds to do, do it with all your might, for in the grave, where you are going, there is neither working nor planning nor knowledge nor wisdom.

These Scriptures show that in the Grave the dead no nothing. They do not see, speak, hear, smell, taste, move about, feel, no the passage of time, have no knowledge, no wisdom, cannot plan or devise – nothing. They are dead.

Conversely, those of us who are alive, do.

This was the state Jesus was in when he died and it is the state of all persons who have ever died are in.

One must also consider that Jesus showed a pattern when he died and was resurrected. That pattern was that ALL persons who die can and will be called out of their graves. John 5:28-29 says:

Do not be amazed at this, for a time is coming when all who are in their graves will hear his voice and come out—those who have done good will rise to live, and those who have done evil will rise to be condemned.

Did Jesus' friend Lazarus – who had died -report where he was when Jesus resurrected him. No he did not.

One would think that Lazarus was in a fiery hell, he would have reported it. Likewise, if he was in heaven, he would have definitely reported that. But he didn't because in death – as the Scriptures teach – there is no knowledge.

The teaching of the resurrection – the thought that people come out of hell – shoots the idea of eternal torment in hell in the head and foot. One thought is Scripture and the other stems from a comedic poem: Dantes inferno. The choice is yours to decide which one is the truth.

Why then, do so many people cling tenaciously to the idea that hell is a fiery place of torment?

The reason is because they read a parable Jesus gave of a rich man and a poor man by the name of Lazarus at Luke 16:19-31.

But after close examination of this parable one can see that it is not a literal event (it is a parable or illustration).

The parable is basically speaking of a rich man and a poor man. Both of them die.

The rich man is dead and buried (in this grave). While in hell (his grave), the parable says that he lifts up his eyes and see that he is in torments. Further the parable says that he sees Abraham at a distance and with Abraham is the poor man Lazarus.

So this rich man asks Abraham to send Lazarus to him with a drop of water on his finger to cool his tongue because he is in anguish in a blazing fire.

In a literal sense, this makes no sense. Why?

First because Jesus spoke in parable. His parables are not literal events.

Second, if both the rich man and poor man died, then according to Eccl 9:5,10, thet cannot see, hear, or feel anything.

Thirdly, why would the rich man request of Abraham to literally send Lazarus to him with only a drop of water on his finger; why not buckets of water or a river? If this hellfire is intensely hot, then the drop of water on Lazarus' finger would evaporate once it enters into this hot place. Not only, that Lazarus would be consumed in the fire as well!

Fourthly, if the rich man was existing in a blazing fire, why was he himself not being consume. And, just stated, if Lazarus got close to him with that drop of water on his finger, he too, would have been consumed.

This parable is not a literal event. Jesus is simply explaining in a pictureques way about himself and his mission. He is showing that even when he was sent by his Father and was alive, not all listened to him. Even when he died and was resurrected to life, people – especially today – still do not listen to him.

What is interesting about this parable is that it does not say that rich-man-like persons will not have a resurrection from the dead. In fact, they will. That is why the Scripture at Luke 16:23  it mentions that the Rich Man, while in hell (his grave), looked up.  In other words, he was resurrected; he opened his eyes. But at their resurrection back to life, it will not be easy for them as it will be for those who were poor-man-like.

The poor-man-like persons, at their resurrection will be in a favored position with Jehovah. They will be in his bosom position (protected) and will not be subject to the Judgment Day.

The rich-man-like persons, at their resurrection will not be in a favored position with Jehovah. But Jehovah gives them an opportunity to earn his favor. Therefore, they are subjects of the 1000 year Judgment Day period. It will not be easy for them, but a loving provision set up by Jehovah that affords them this opportunity. This is what Acts 24:15 is referring to:

And I have the same hope in God as these men, that there will be a resurrection of both the righteous and the wicked.

Recall, too, what John 5:29 says concerning these rich-man-like persons:

… And come out, those who did good things to a resurrection of life, those who practiced vile things to a resurrection of judgment. (NWT)

Where is Hell Itself Tossed In The End

According to Revelation 20:14, hell and death, are both tossed into the Lake of Fire. This shows that hell and the Lake of Fire are not the same thing.

That hell (the grave) is placed into the Lake of Fire simply shows that a time will come when people will not die. If people will no longer die, there will be no need for graves. 

This thought is conveyed at Revelation 21:4 speaking of a future time:

He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.

If we are told a Revelation 21:4 that there will be no more death and in a previous verse that death and hell are thrown into the Lake of Fire, then the Lake of Fire is a symbol of the state of being no more or nonexistence. Anything placed in it ceases to exist. Like paper burned in a fire, the paper ceases to exist.

We can also see that hell is not eternal because it goes into the Lake of Fire.

Note: For an explanation of what The Lake of Fire is, see my article: What Is The Lake of Fire

The Common Grave of Mankind

What is called Hell or Hades is nothing but the common grave of mankind. It is the place all living things go when they die. Jesus was no exception. If one considers that Jesus came out of that place after three days dead, shows that others can come out of it as well. The resurrections Jesus performed of persons who had died show that hell is not a place that imprisons persons forever, even in death. 

That Revelation 20:14 and Revelation 21:4 say that death and hell are thrown into the Lake of Fire and that death will cease to be, shows that hell is not an eternal place. 

Scripture shows that hell is simply the common grave of mankind; that is, it is the eventuality of all who have died and will die. There is no escaping death and their is no escaping entering to a grave or memorial tomb unto the day that Revelation 20:14 and Revelation 21:4 are fulfilled.

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{ 14 comments… read them below or add one }

Robert October 19, 2011 at 5:37 am

Fourthly, if the rich man was existing in a blazing fire, why was he himself not being consume.

The rich one was not consumed as the bush was not consumed when Moses was looking at it.

But i have the other question nore importent -what do you know about one baptism?

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R. Jerome Harris October 21, 2011 at 12:20 pm

If this Rich man – who was dead – was existing in a literal fire, why would he ask Lazarus (a good and innocent man who was also dead) to cool his tongue with a "drop" of water. Firstly, if the water would evaporate if Lazarus stuck his finger in this supposed hot place. Additionally, Lazarus himself would be consumed. Plus, why would Lazarus go into such a place that he was not deserving. If both the Rich man and Lazarus were both dead – and Scripture says they were – then they would not be conscience of heat; would not be breathing; would not be able to see anything; or do anything. They were dead. This is in accordance with Eccl 9:5-10 which explains the condition of the dead. Jesus was speaking in parable or illustration. He was not speaking of literal events.

I wrote an article about the "One Baptism" here: http://www.e-prophetic.com/articles/one-baptism/

Water baptism is improper today as it was John The Baptizers baptism. Christ would NOT baptize with water, but with Holy Spirit.

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R. Jerome Harris June 27, 2012 at 4:58 am

Comparing the DEAD rich man “existing” to in a blazing fire to the burning bush is quite a stretch don’t you think? If he he was “existing” in a blazing fire and was aware of it, then he was not dead.

Jesus’ friend Lazarus, when he died and was entombed, where was he? In heaven? In this fiery hell? When Jesus resurrected him did he report that he was in either of these places? No. Why? Because he was dead. And, dead persons do not see, walk, feel, think, smell, etc.

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R. Jerome Harris June 27, 2012 at 5:00 am

One baptism? This is an entrapment question. Please ask a straight up question. Just asking what I know about it is not seeking an answer.

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Everett Branch February 26, 2013 at 2:44 am

I receive most of what you say. The other day i was studying on Lake of Fire and I do think it is a place of non-existing but in a way of being forgotten by God not you dont exist any more. The bible clearly says that they will be tormented forever. I was reading the article on “What is Hell”. I think you should do more studying because you cant forget that Jesus did move around in Hell. He preached to the spirits and set the captives free. I understand Eccl, but in a since of it being a holding place. The Rich Man and Poor Man parable is a parable, but parables are clues of what Jesus is want you to know. Yes the parable was about, you cant come back and other things. BUT NOTICE THAT AN ANGEL TOOK THE POOR MAN TO ABRAHAMS BUSSOM. There will be no knowledge and wisdom or moving is simply you are just held there, you will have no purpose… I think you should do more studying and be accoutable to others before you post. That is how things get
started.

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R. Jerome Harris February 26, 2013 at 8:08 am

The parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus is just that, it is a parable and not literal.

Do you think a drop of water on a persons finger will quench a persons thirst if they are in a fiery hell? Why not ask for a glass of water or a fire truck full of water? A drop of water! Think.

If a person could get close enough to place a drop of water a persons tongue, he would burn up too if this hell is intensely hot.

You are lifting out of Scripture what is not there.

I ask that you read your Bible again. It NEVER says people will “tormented” forever, it says they are everlastingly or eternally destroyed.

Rev 14:11 refers to the “smoke” of their torment – not them – ascending forever. This Scripture even confirms what I am saying. The “smoke” is a symbol of something that has been destroyed as if in a fire. The smoke being seen ascending “forever” is a symbol of the thing it has burned up is “gone forever.” No longer in existing.

Notice that 2 Thess 1:9 says that the punishment for sin is not eternal “torment”, but eternal destruction.

“They will be punished with everlasting destruction and shut out from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his might.”

Then Death will never go way either? Compare Rev 20:14 and Rev 21:4. If “Death will be no more” because it is thrown into The Lake of Fire, then so will hell “be no more because it goes there to.”

If something is destroyed eternally, it does no longer exist, do you not agree?

If paper is thrown into a fire, it ceases to be paper. It is forgotten.

Likewise, if persons go into The Lake of Fire (Second Death) they cease “to be no more” and no longer exist. They are forgotten by God. There is no way they can be resurrected again because God has forgotten them. They are not is His memory (Book of Life).

You say Jesus was moving around in hell. Let me ask you this: What did Jesus do to deserve going to a “place of torment?” What purpose would it serve him going into a place of torment if the people their were already in their place of punishment? What good would preaching to them do?

Jesus did not go to YOUR hell or the hell the churches made up. Jesus simply spent three days in his grave and then he was resurrected. While in his grave – in death – he did not move around, speak, see, smell, taste, fell or anything else. Why? Because he was dead.

If you REALLY understood your Bible, then you would know what Eccl 9:5, 10 says about the state of persons who have died. It says:

“For the living know that they will die, but the dead know nothing; they have no further reward, and even their name is forgotten.”

“Whatever your hand finds to do, do it with all your might, for in the realm of the dead, where you are going, there is neither working nor planning nor knowledge nor wisdom.”

When Jesus’ friend Lazarus died, did he come back saying he was in heaven or in hell? No! He was dead. He had no knowledge of anything in the death-state.

Slow down partner. Before you speak about me studying more, perhaps you need to dig a little deep because you have said nothing. I challenge you to show me ONE Scripture where we are told that “people” are “tormented” forever. Show me one. And, EXPLAIN 2 Thess 1:9.

If Rev 20:14 says that Death and Hell are thrown into the Lake of Fire, then Hell is not eternal is it? Rev 21:4 says that Death will be “no more.” Why? Because Rev 20:14 says it is thrown into the Lake of Fire. And, if Hell goes to the same place as Death, then Hell will “be no more.” So where are you getting this “torment forever” stuff. I will tell you? From established religious teaching, not from Christ? They have been lying to you.

What I see from you I have seen before: It is a resistance to learn the truth about what Christ taught and a preference to maintain what these religious organizations taught. They are the ones lying to you, I am not.

My advice is don’t say things to others unless you are sure what you are saying. ALWAYS champion what Christ taught as oppsed to what is popularly taught by religious organizations. DO NOT seek agreement with your views, seek the truth and point people to “it.”

Too many of you ALWAYS claim others “need to study more” when your own views reveal that you are kindergarden-level. I am not a rookie and could chew you up and spit you out concerning Scripture and Christs teachings. But that is not what I am about. I really care about people and write to make them think outside the bounds of what religious organization has taught them and blinded them with.

My goal is to set persons down in front of Christ Jesus to they listen to him and become “his” disciples. This is what he – my Master – has asked me to do. (Matthew 28:19-20)

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Nick August 5, 2013 at 4:28 pm

I wish you could see that you (Jerome) attack a man for ignorance and lack of knowledge. You have been attacked for the same thing. Maybe if you took your own advice and not said anything until you were sure what you are saying that wouldn’t happen? I think if you took your own advice for a lot of things you would be writing and acting a lot differently. Excuse my language but most of your reasoning seems to come directly from your butt and not Jesus. You eat a verse in the bible and crap out your own ideas into this blog. You are no better than any other man. You will not know the entire truth until your dead and in life you are always learning. You are a prideful man who does not know Jesus. You have a vendetta against the religious organizations that mislead you. You are those same organizations personified. You are still a lost man Jerome; you are a man full of sin and anger. Jesus did not speak like you do and you don’t speak like him. You don’t champion his teachings, you champion your own. Until you realize the harsh reality of this you will remain lost.

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R. Jerome Harris August 6, 2013 at 8:59 am

There are no attacks. Just something that you do not want to hear or want told. If I agreed with those making such statements, you would not make such a statement. I would be getting praises from you.

Yet, you are clearly agitated. Demons were agitated at the truth (Jesus). Truth has that effect.

Yet, YOUR course of action is to mount “personal” attacks. YOU are not addressing anything I have written. YOU make ME the subject. This is what I call dragging a Red Herring. That is what the religious system called by men, christianity does and teaches it’s membership. It teaches them to “go emotional” on those who do not believe as they do.

A man more than 2000 years ago came on the scene of the Jews (his own people) speaking and teachings things they were not accustomed to hearing. He was feared and viewed as a threat and the Jewish religious leaders wanted him out of the way. Jesus was a thorn in their side.

Rather than deal with what he was saying and teaching, the mounted “personal” attacks.

I am not concerned with what SOME do not want to hear. I receive many comments and emails from persons who like what I write. Because I am not “beholding” to nay religious organization, I am free to write without fear of being threatened with excommunication if I do not conform to a particular set of teachings. 

I am a very concerned person that people are being led about and taken captives by religious organization; persons afraid to think for themselves. Persons afraid to “dare” think outside the confines of religious organizational teaching.

I know that if they do and if they allow the “person of Christ” teach them, they will be personally set out against as the Master was.

There so many who feel that Black persons such as myself are supposed to “know their place” and not know anything. I know things and I am not going to hide and keep what I know under a hat when I know that it can benefit so many.

And, I am sorry YOU feel the way you do. I do not apologize to you for what I am.

Yet, I can see from your comment the extent upon wich Christ’s teachings have taken root.

It is about such things that I write about and the types of persons that “Christianity” creates.

I actually appreciate comments like this and I allow them as I want all to see the fruitage that the religious system called by men in Christianity produces.

I suppose I should thank you for that display of “Christian” love.

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Nick August 7, 2013 at 9:52 am

Mark 10:13-16, Matthew 18:2-4, Children have such humility even though they know very little. We all are children we all know little. Compared to all the knowledge in the world every one of us is at kindergarten level. So humbleness is far more important. The problem you see is when people put faith in things other than God himself. This would happen with or without religious organizations.

Mathew 5:3-12, blessed are the meek, the mourning, the ones who hunger and thirst for righteousness, the pure in heart, the peacemakers, and the persecuted. What it seems to me is you do not believe you are meek, or mourning, or hungry for righteousness because you already are.

In verse 11:

Blessed are you when people insult you, persecute you and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of me.

You are not being persecuted but you are being rebuked. I am not saying things falsely against you; I’m telling you what I see. I am warning. You are the one insulting, attacking, and saying evil against others. Your whole blog is an attack. You are actually the persecutor; you have been saying things in generalization against all people who call themselves Christians. These things you say about Christianity are only false in generalization. This is because a lot of people under the veil of followers of Jesus (possibly yourself) are in it to obtain their own will instead of the will of God. There is sin within all men, of course you will find fault within the church because even followers of Jesus are sinners.

Another point, the entire book of revelation was written by John and not a single word of the bible was written by Jesus. The book of revelation is of high value to you and you use it very much in your writings.

Revelations 1:1

The writings seem more of him viewing the scene of what is to come then the actual words of God. It seems clear while referring to many things in the chapter John (who writing to churches) did not even know everything he was seeing making much of it very cryptic. In this way it make revelation an easy book to confuse, twist, and make it anything you would like. The actual gospels have a far greater value because we have the actual words of Jesus.

John 2:13-15

Jesus did not get angry at men having a temple but for doing evil within it. It is the men inside the religious system and buildings that make such things seem evil. You can find evidence that it is God’s will to have followers of Jesus gathering to worship and praise God.

Matthew 18:15-19 are the actual words of Jesus but it speaks of how to deal with sin. It refers to the church which is probably not the original text but the definition of the church is in verse 20:

For where two or three gather in my name, there am I with them.

Many believe the church does not imply a building or religious organization at all it is simply where two or more gather in the name of Jesus.

When it comes to giving you praise, you will never deserve it. Praise belongs to God and God alone.

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Nick August 8, 2013 at 10:19 pm

Red herring is mean to distract from the real issue. The issue is not what you are writing it is your heart. I am hurt and saddened for you. My heart is broken for you. I can’t bear it anymore. The rest is up to God.

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R. Jerome Harris August 9, 2013 at 1:41 am

You appear to be angry or something. I don’t get it. I welcome your visits to the blog and encourage further responses, however, it is not beneficial for me to be drawn into such exchanges because YOU have a problem with what I write. You have migrated into “personal” stuff rather than the issues and topics being discussed.

The bottomline REALLY is that since you disagree with what I write, you make it “personal.”

Disagreements should be expected EVERYWHERE in the world since all persons do not think alike or have the same life’s experiences.

You are provided proofs that the religious system called by men, Christianity, seeks to impose it’s will and it’s teachings upon men and women and not seeking only AGREEMENT with it. If the agreement can’t not be extracted, it’s membership’s TRUE COLORS come to the surface. They act anything unlike the one they claim to follow. I see this display of conduct over and over again.

If you do not like what I write, you may leave. (I hope you continue to visit, however). Yet, when you migrate to attacking me “personally” rather than focusing on the information presented.

I am not stupid or unintelligent. I say one thing – for example – define Red Herring – and you counter by “telling me” what a Red Herring is as if I do not know. This in itself is a glimpse of what your mindset is (or has become). You want to fight and disagree. I have no problem with any of that as long as it does not go personal.

Neither have I said anything derogatory towards you as it is not my nature nor does it follows the example of Christs teachings. I expect such “personal” rants if it is from persons who are young and “immature” in the faith. Yet, I do not perceive this to be your case.

Some people – especially from a certain race among mankind – love to define what others are to be or what they would like them to be. Even tell them what “they are or are not writing about.” I know what I am writing about as I am the one doing the writing. (LOL) I know who I am and extremely confident in what I say and write. No man defines who I am, discipleship to Christ does. Disciples of Christ are to speak with boldness, and I do just that. Some might “misinterpret” that with arrogance or being overly “confident.” (Acts 4:29)

I KNOW from experience – as I used to be similar to you in my younger days – that when one is hemmed in, attack the messenger.

Yet, I NEVER attack anyone as “persons” or “personally.” My focus is on the teachings.

You make very broad and “blanket” statements without addressing the “whole” of the Scriptures I present. Yet, blanket statements without showing “Scriptural” support do nothing other than show ones “opinion” which might not necessarily line up with what God and Christ say. (It might, however).

But, I KNOW, that when “personal” attack enters the equation, one presents themselves as an open book that – if read – show many blank pages where Christs teachings are not etched. If his teachings where etched in such persons hearts, they would NEVER attack persons “personally” because they do not like what they say or they are not in agreement with them. Why? Becaus the Master never did.

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Nick August 10, 2013 at 2:54 pm

I was just restated the definition of Red Herring to make a point. Also these posts are generally public so I may not just have you in mind. What you write does not offend me as much as you’re attitude about it. I do not think you are stupid or unintelligent at all maybe other things but not those. When it comes to immaturity in my faith you should know I have not been a Christian for all that long. I grew up in a Christian home but was rebellious to the beliefs. So actually, I have only been reading the bible less than a year. Maybe, living around it so much and God’s influence in my life lately have influenced my maturity in a way. I don’t know.

Regarding blanket statements I generally assume and believe you when you say you know the bible very well. So, when I made those statements I didn’t feel the need to back myself with something you should already know.

The reason I got personal about it because I believe that is the real issue that appears if only to me that you don’t deal with. If you want me to only address what you have written then so be it, maybe it’s better off: No more personal arguments. I have learned quite a bit challenging what you write alone anyway.

I was just restated the definition of Red Herring to make a point. Also these posts are generally public so I may not just have you in mind. What you write does not offend me as much as you’re attitude about it. I do not think you are stupid or unintelligent at all maybe other things but not those. When it comes to immaturity in my faith you should know I have not been a Christian for all that long. I grew up in a Christian home but was rebellious to the beliefs. So actually, I have only been reading the bible less than a year. Maybe, living around it so much and God’s influence in my life lately have influenced my maturity in a way. I don’t know.

Regarding blanket statements I generally assume and believe you when you say you know the bible very well. So, when I made those statements I didn’t feel the need to back myself with something you should already know.

The reason I got personal about it because I believe that is the real issue that appears if only to me that you don’t deal with. If you want me to only address what you have written then so be it; maybe it’s better off; maybe it’s not my job to make it personal: No more personal arguments. I have learned quite a bit challenging what you write alone anyway.

Also consider this verse as applicable to both of us: Matthew 7:3 I will not say more except that maybe you should analyze yourself and see the similarities that I have done wrong with what you do yourself.

Lastly, I don’t see a problem with leaving myself an open book. Where God is not etched in my life I would welcome correction. Following are verses that support this statement:

1 John 1:9, James 5:16, Proverbs 28:13, Romans 3:23, Acts 19:18

Definitions of Repentance: Deep sorrow, compunction, or contrition for a past sin, wrongdoing, or the like. Also can be the regret for any past action.

Acts 17:30, 2 Peter 3:9

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duke September 19, 2014 at 1:45 am

Peace be with the reader,

Hell is the state of being when the protection of natural man is terminated.

A state of extreme anxiety.

The faithful witness

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R. Jerome Harris October 1, 2014 at 7:25 am

Again, I appreciate your comment. Thank you.

I think hell is real, but not as it has been traditionally taught. The Greek word is Haides (Hades). When I lived in Greece, I learned that the word really means to “cover over.”  Thus, when something dies, it is buried; covered with dirt (earth). Or, it could be covered with water in the case of a drowning. 

So what the religious systems have been teaching – that hell is a place of eternal torment – is not correct. Neither God or Christ taught such a thing. Men did. Here is a situation where man’s wisdom is foolish.

Hell is simply the grave. It is the eventuality of us all when we die. Good and bad people go there. Christ was no exception.

There is no consciousness in the grave (hell). Eccl 9:5, 10

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