There is a lot of misunderstanding, misinformation and purposeful and calculated misleading concerning the subject of where the year 1914 came from. No, I am not talking about how this date was derived, but who originated it.
The Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society and the International Bible Students ascribe the origination of the 1914 date with their founder Charles Taze Russell. The International Bible Students – who today claim that they are not associated with the Watch Tower – claim that Charles Taze Russell did not believe in the 1914 date. Is either of these groups telling the truth? And, if they are not, why not?
First of all, what is the 1914 date?
What Is 1914?
The year 1914 is a date that is claimed by the Watch Tower organization and the International Bible Students to be the year that: Jesus’ invisible presence as earth’s King occurred and he began ruling invisibly over the earth from heaven; that the beginning of the last days began in that year; and that the Appointed Times of the Nations ended. In the August 30,
In the August 30, 1914, edition of The World, a leading New York newspaper at that time, a featured article in the paper’s Sunday magazine had this to say:
The terrific war outbreak in Europe has fulfilled an extraordinary prophecy. For a quarter of a century past, through preachers and through press, the ‘International Bible Students’ . . . have been proclaiming to the world that the Day of Wrath prophesied in the Bible would dawn in 1914.
So before the year 1914 came, the ‘International Bible Students predicted and was in expectation of that year being when Christ’s presence would occur.
Who Originated The 1914 Date?
Contrary to what is being taught by both the Watch Tower and the International Bible Students, it was not Charles Taze Russell who originated the teaching of the 1914 date. Most Jehovah’s Witnesses and International Bible Students are not aware of this. Most believe that the 1914 teaching originated with C.T. Russell and the organization he founded. No thought is given to it coming from a source outside those organizations.
Many Jehovah’s Witnesses and International Bible Students when told this, refuse to believe it and display an uncanny “I don’t want to know or hear any more about this” posture. It is painful to accept the fact that 1914 did not come out of the International Bible Students or Watch Tower organizations. To believe that it came outside of the Watch Tower organization would be to admit that God used another organization or Faithful Slave; that would be unacceptable to Jehovah’s Witnesses and International Bible Students.
So who originated the 1914 date? It was the Second Adventist. More specifically, it was a Second Adventist by the name of Nelson H. Barbour. (Photo Below)
Charles Taze Russell, as a young man and as a Second Adventist, was tutored by Mr. Barbour and held him in high regard. Mr. Barbour was the Editor of the Second Adventist monthly magazine “Herald of the Morning” where he hailed 1914 as the date of Christs Second Presence.
Charles Taze Russell was an Assistant Editor of that magazine. Below is a scan of that magazine and you will see Charles Taze Russell’s name at the top-left as an Assistant Editor. And, on the lower-right side of the magazine, you will see the statement “End of the Gentile Times End in 1914.”
So the International Bible Students claim that the Second Adventist nor Charles Taze Russell never believed in the 1914 date, it is not true. Neither is the Watch Tower organizations claim that the 1914 date came from their organization is true. Before they were founded, the 1914 date was being hailed by its originators, The Second Adventist.
I have caught a lot of heat from The International Bible Students and WatchTower adherents about this. They have gone on the offensive and think by diverting attention on me and attacking me as “misrepresenting what Russell believed and taught”, they can draw attention away from themselves as being in error and to the facts. In other words, attack the bringer of the news and make him the subject. In my view, if one feels the need to do this, then it is not the truth they have or seek. They seek to conceal it. In my view, the truth is powerful enough to stand on its own.
The fact is that it was the Second Adventist who originated the 1914 date and when Russell broke away from that movement, he carried the date with him when he founded the International Bible Students.
The International Bible Students attempt to cloud these facts by use of many grandiose words with no substance to them in an attempt to say “not true” but they are not forthcoming.
And, as far as the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, they too, have been guilty of misleading it’s membership into believing that the 1914 date came out of what they believe to be God’s Earthly Organization. I guarantee you that most Jehovah’s Witnesses do not know these things; and if asked, “Where did the 1914 date come from?” they would either answer “From the Bible” or “Charles Taze Russell” or “From God’s Earthly Organization.” All of these responses would be incorrect. They do not know that this date was originated by The Second Adventist and Charles Taze Russell adopted it when be broke away from that movement. This presents a major problem for the International Bible Students and Watch Tower organization. What problem?
God’s Earthly Channel?
The Watch Tower claims that Jehovah has always had an organization on earth to convey knowledge and instructions to them. The Watch Tower claims that God has been using them since Pentecost 33 CE as that earthly channel. Notice what the Reasoning (RS) book published by The Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, page 281, para 2 says:
As the time neared for Jehovah to begin to unify true worshipers with himself by means of Jesus Christ, God sent him to earth to act as His spokesman. (Heb. 1:1, 2) Then with the outpouring of holy spirit at Pentecost of 33 C.E., the Christian congregation was brought into existence. After Jesus had returned to heaven, this congregation became Jehovah’s arrangement for instructing and for coordinating the efforts of individual Christians. There were overseers to take the lead in local congregations, and a central governing body made necessary decisions and helped to coordinate activity. Clearly, Jehovah had brought into existence an organization on earth made up of true Christians.
So here we see that according to the Watch Tower, Jehovah brought into existence an organization on earth made up of true Christians.
Here is the problem: If, as I have shown above, that the 1914 date did not come out of the Watch Tower organization or the International Bible Students organization, but came out of another organization – The Second Adventist, – then were the Second Adventist being used by Jehovah to bring the 1914 date? Where the Second Adventist (who are known as Seventh Day Adventist today) a part of that organization that came into existence on Pentecost 33 CE? Did Jehovah use two separate organizations? So do you see the problem and, more importantly, why the Watch Tower organization and The International Bible Students conceal and cover this over?
It would be devastating for them as organizations. A date primed and advertised – with a certainty – as being true and so pivotal to the other things they teach would be proved false and cause the house of cards to come crashing down. It is appalling to me that these organizations would purposefully carry on the teaching of a lie for the sake of well, saving face.
Jesus Said It Cannot Be Known
By Jesus’ own words alone, the establishment and belief in a date – 1914 – should be enough! His words should be the end of discussion.
At Matthew 24:36, Matthew 24:42 and Acts 1:7 Jesus said that it is not possible for any human or angel – no, not even himself – to know such things. Notice what he says at Matthew 24:36:
Concerning that day and hour nobody knows, neither the angels of the heavens nor the Son, but only the Father.
Yet, humans and their organizations say they know. And, a particular organization says it is 1914.
Notice what Jesus says at Matthew 24:42:
Keep on the watch, therefore, because YOU do not know on what day YOUR Lord is coming.
It does not belong to YOU to get knowledge of the times or seasons which the Father has placed in his own jurisdiction.
Look out that nobody misleads YOU; for many will come on the basis of my name, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ and will mislead many.
My master is delaying …